References cited in the frameworks descriptions in this section are included here.


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Baker, S., Gersten, R., & Keating, T. (2000). When less may be more: A 2-year longitudinal evaluation of a volunteer tutoring program requiring minimal training. Reading Research Quarterly, 35(4), 494-519.

Balas, E. A., & Boren, S. A. (2000). Managing clinical knowledge for health care improvement. In J. Bemmel & A. T. McCray (Eds.), Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2000: Patient-Centered Systems. (pp. 65-70). Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer Verlagsgesellschaft.

Barber, M., & Fullan, M. (2005). Tri-level development: Putting systems thinking into action. Education Weekly, 24(25), 34-35.

Baron, R. L., Leavitt, S. E., Watson, D. M., Coughlin, D. D., Fixsen, D. L., & Phillips, E. L. (1984). Skill-based management training for child care program administrators: The Teaching-Family Model revisited. Child Care Quarterly, 13, 262-277.

Beer, M., Eisenstat, R. A., & Spector, B. (1990). Why change programs don’t produce change. Harvard Business Review, 68(6), 158-166.

Bjørg, E. S., Sørgaard, K., Maybery, D., Ruud, T., Stavnes, K., Kufås, E., . . . Ogden, T. (2018). Hospitals implementing changes in law to protect children of ill parents: A cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 18. doi:

Blase, K. A., Fixsen, D. L., Naoom, S. F., & Wallace, F. (2005). Operationalizing implementation: Strategies and methods. Retrieved from University of South Florida: National Implementation Research Network:

Blase, K. A., Fixsen, D. L., & Phillips, E. L. (1984). Residential treatment for troubled children: Developing service delivery systems. In S. C. Paine, G. T. Bellamy, & B. Wilcox (Eds.), Human services that work: From innovation to standard practice (pp. 149-165). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.

Blase, K. A., Van Dyke, M., Fixsen, D. L., & Bailey, F. W. (2012). Implementation science: Key concepts, themes, and evidence for practitioners in educational psychology. In B. Kelly & D. Perkins (Eds.), Handbook of implementation science for psychology in education (pp. 13-34). London: Cambridge University Press.

Bombard, Y., Baker, G. R., Orlando, E., Fancott, C., Bhatia, P., Casalino, S., . . . Pomey, M.-P. (2018). Engaging patients to improve quality of care: a systematic review. Implementation Science, 13(1), 98. doi:10.1186/s13012-018-0784-z

Brown, C. H., Chamberlain, P., Saldana, L., Padgett, C., Wang, W., & Cruden, G. (2014). Evaluation of two implementation strategies in 51 child county public service systems in two states: results of a cluster randomized head-to-head implementation trial. Implementation science : IS, 9(1), 134. doi:10.1186/s13012-014-0134-8

Brownson, R. C., Colditz, G. A., & Proctor, E. K. (Eds.). (2012). Dissemination and implementation research in health. New York: Oxford University Press.

Brunk, M. A., Chapman, J. E., & Schoenwald, S. K. (2014). Defining and evaluating fidelity at the program level: A preliminary investigation. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 222, 22-29. doi:10.1027/2151-2604/a000162

Chamberlain, P. (2003). A Glimpse at Establishing the Evidence: Multidimensional Treatment for Foster Care. Data Matters: An Evaluation Newsletter(Special Issue #6), 8-9.

Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152. doi:10.2307/2393553

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Dane, A. V., & Schneider, B. H. (1998). Program integrity in primary and early secondary prevention: Are implementation effects out of control? Clinical Psychology Review, 18(1), 23-45.

Day, D. V. (2000). Leadership development: A review in context. Leadership Quarterly, 11(4), 581-613.

de Vries, K., & Manfred, F. R. (2005). Leadership group coaching in action: The Zen of creating high performance teams. Academy of Management Review, 19(1), 61-76.

Dobson, L., & Cook, T. (1980). Avoiding Type III error in program evaluation: results from a field experiment. Evaluation and Program Planning, 3, 269 – 276.

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Durlak, J. A., & DuPre, E. P. (2008). Implementation matters: A review of research on the influence of implementation on program outcomes and the factors affecting implementation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 327-350. doi:10.1007/s10464-008-9165-0

Elmore, R. F. (2002). Bridging the gap between standards and achievement: The imperative for professional development in education. Retrieved from Washington, DC: The Albert Shanker Institute:

Fixsen, D. L., & Blase, K. A. (2018). The Teaching-Family Model: The First 50 Years. Perspectives on Behavior Science. doi:10.1007/s40614-018-0168-3

Fixsen, D. L., Blase, K. A., Metz, A., & Van Dyke, M. (2013). Statewide implementation of evidence-based programs. Exceptional Children (Special Issue), 79(2), 213-230.

Fixsen, D. L., Blase, K. A., Timbers, G. D., & Wolf, M. M. (2007). In search of program implementation: 792 replications of the Teaching-Family Model. The Behavior Analyst Today, 8(1), 96-110. doi:10.1037/h0100104

Fixsen, D. L., Blase, K. A., & Van Dyke, M. (2012). From ghost systems to host systems via transformation zones. Retrieved from Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education Office of Vocational and Adult Education:

Fixsen, D. L., Naoom, S. F., Blase, K. A., Friedman, R. M., & Wallace, F. (2005). Implementation research: A synthesis of the literature. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida, National Implementation Research Network.

Fixsen, D. L., Ward, C., Blase, K., Naoom, S., Metz, A., & Louison, L. (2018). Assessing Drivers Best Practices. Retrieved from Chapel Hill, NC: Active Implementation Research Network

Fixsen, D. L., Ward, C., Jackson, K. R., Blase, K., Green, J., Sims, B., . . . Preston, A. (2018). Implementation and Scaling Evaluation Report: 2013-2017. Retrieved from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: National Implementation Research Network:

Foege, W. H. (2011). House on fire: The fight to eradicate smallpox. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, Ltd.

Folker, A. P., & Lauridsen, S. M. (2017). Using action learning to reduce health inequity in Danish municipalities. Leadership in Health Services. doi:10.1108/LHS-11-2016-0060

Foote, S. B., & Town, R. J. (2007). Implementing evidence-based medicine through medicare coverage decisions. Health Affairs, 26(6), 1634-1642.

Glennan Jr., T. K., Bodilly, S. J., Galegher, J. R., & Kerr, K. A. (2004). Expanding the reach of education reforms. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.

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Jiménez-Barrionuevo, M. M., García-Morales, V. J., & Molina, L. M. (2011). Validation of an instrument to measure absorptive capacity. Technovation, 31(5), 190-202. doi:

Joyce, B., & Showers, B. (2002). Student achievement through staff development (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Kaiser, R. B., Hogan, R., & Craig, S. B. (2008). Leadership and the fate of organizations. American Psychologist, 63(2), 96-110.

Kalita, A., Zaidi, S., Prasad, V., & Raman, V. R. (2009). Empowering health personnel for decentralized health planning in India: The Public Health Resource Network. Human Resources in Health, 7(1), 57.

Khatri, G. R., & Frieden, T. R. (2002). Rapid DOTS expansion in India. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 80(6), 457-463.

Khodyakov, D., Ridgely, M. S., Huang, C., DeBartolo, K. O., Sorbero, M. E., & Schneider, E. C. (2014). Project JOINTS: What factors affect bundle adoption in a voluntary quality improvement campaign? BMJ Quality and Safety, 1-11. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-003169

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Metz, A., & Albers, B. (2014). What Does It Take? How Federal Initiatives Can Support the Implementation of Evidence-Based Programs to Improve Outcomes for Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54, S92-S96.

Metz, A., Bartley, L., Ball, H., Wilson, D., Naoom, S., & Redmond, P. (2014). Active Implementation Frameworks (AIF) for successful service delivery: Catawba County child wellbeing project. Research on Social Work Practice, 25(4), 415 – 422. doi:10.1177/1049731514543667

Meyers, D. C., Durlak, J. A., & Wandersman, A. (2012). The quality implementation framework: A synthesis of critical steps in the implementation process. American Journal of Community Psychology, 50(3-4), 462-480. doi:10.1007/s10464-012-9522-x

Michie, S., Fixsen, D., Grimshaw, J., & Eccles, M. (2009). Specifying and reporting complex behaviour change interventions: the need for a scientific method. Implementation Science, 4(1), 40.

Michie, S., & Lester, K. (2005). Words matter: Increasing the implementation of clinical guidelines. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 14, 367-370.

Morgan, G., & Ramirez, R. (1983). Action learning: A holographic metaphor for guiding social change. Human Relations, 37(1), 1-28.

Nord, W. R., & Tucker, S. (1987). Implementing routine and radical innovations. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath and Company.

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